No doubt, the Pakistani context combines a multitude of hazards with often a high level of vulnerability. In recent years Pakistan has been hit by numerous disasters. There is a clear need to build resilience in the most vulnerable areas, both in communities and in schools. A key element to building resilience is having a systematic, effective and efficient DRM approach adopted by government that is sustainable. Provincial and district authorities have the mandate and authority to address disaster risk and preparedness and also have the long-term strategy, commitment, and authority needed to build sustainability into DRM systems and enhance capacities. This project is about ensuring integration of the inclusive Community-based DRM (CBDRM) at different levels, and strengthening capacity to replicate and scale up these models in communities. The project is developed for KPK province which is particularly at risk of disaster and is developed in a coordinated approach with the SBDRM approach by HOPE ’87.
- Location: District Nowshera and Peshawar
- Donor/Partner: Care International in Pakistan , ECHO Fund
- PM/Focal name: Mr. Najeeb Ullah
- Time Line: July From July 01, 2015 To Sep 30, 2016
Although KPK province is ahead of other provinces in terms of structure and works with regard to prioritizing and integrating Disaster Risk Mitigation (DRM) in policy and strategy. A ‘DRM Roadmap’ (strategy) and DRM strategic unit are already in place. To translate the DRM interventions to the district level, in this case, Nowshera and Peshawar city, there is still the need for a strong legislative DRM mechanism, risks still need to be mapped and early warning mechanisms and mainstreaming of DRR is still lacking.
AIM OF INITIATIVE:
To strengthen the capacity of government institutions, vulnerable communities in KPK Province for addressing disaster risk in a sustainable manner through inclusive Community-based DRM.Implemented Activities:
The IDEA initiated an early engagement process of stakeholders in the DRM planning process. The PDMA agreed on the formation of the Project Steering Committee that leads and overlooks the ECHO-funded project and provides technical support where required. The DRM plan for Peshawar was completed and officially launched through the district administration with the DDMO taking the lead. A study on the ‘Situational Analysis of DRR budgeting in KPK’ was presented to parliamentarians/ policymakers of KPK. The CBDRM training material that included manual and workbooks have been translated into the Urdu language for better understanding of the trainers and participants who would further impact the training to fellow-community members. Also, a 2-day training session was conducted for over 200 youth volunteers in Peshawar upon request from DDMO Peshawar. Following the cascade approach, a pool of 31 government officials (25 males and 06 females) representing different line departments, were trained as provincial master trainers. The provincial cadre of 31 MTs included 09 MTs from the previous action plan while the rest 22 were fresh, who further trained 46 district officials (37 males and 09 females) from different departments of Nowshera and Peshawar. For ensuring DRR/ M financing, several advocacy-related activities, workshops, seminars, and meetings were conducted to sensitize parliamentarians, district authorities, line departments, local communities, DRR forums, NGOs and media. At schools level, different DRR awareness activities such as drawing competitions, speeches and debates, walks, drill exercises were conducted in collaboration with HOPE’87 and District Education Department. School safety plans were developed together with HOPE’87 involving school administration and district education authorities.A total of 30 Village Disaster Mitigation Committees were formed and they accordingly developed there Village /VC Disaster Risk Mitigation plan
As a result of consultations with DRR Forum and NHN members, they agreed on adopting the CBDRM model in their future programmes. Awareness raising messages were broadcasted on Radio Pakistan Broadcasting services with the support from PDMA, IEC material and key messages on better preparedness and response betterment and welfare of the local population.
Awareness leads to development.
ChokiMumraiz is village of Distirct Nowshera where the mainly disaster found are Poor sewerage system,Major flood, Hail stone and WBE are found. Seasonal flood 0f 3 Feet water was recorded in 1971 and in 1980 which affect the crops badly. Poor sewerage system is manmade disaster and can be controlled somehow. According to the community of Village Choki mumraiz“ At the time of very slow rain even all the drains blocked, the overflow andstanding of water occurs throughout the streets” and this problem burst into Water Born Epidemics. Beside it the poor sewerage system also contributes to convert the small scale floods into large. The community sensitized and trained by ECHO-DP/DRR project and also aware from how to do advocacy for the problems faced by community. Later this problem of poor sewerage system was also included in Mitigation Scheme at time of development of Village Disaster Management Plan. The community of village started advocacy with concern Government Department with help of elected representative of the village. Their enthusiasm towards their object turned into their success and they accepted the required funds for their work. And hence the work started on drains to make it of concrete which is reliable.